Types of Salmon

Pacific salmon die shortly after spawning, while Atlantic salmon may survive and spawn again. There are seven species of Pacific salmon. (Note: Only the following five species are readily available in the U.S. market: Chinook, Sockeye, Coho, Chum and Pink.)

Pacific Salmon: 

  • Chinook (or king salmon)
  • Sockeye (or red salmon)
  • Coho (or silver salmon)
  • Chum (or dog salmon)
  • Pink (or humpback salmon)
  • Masu (or yamame)
  • Amago (or biwamasu)

Atlantic Salmon:

  • Wild Atlantic salmon are virtually extinct due to over-fishing and pollution.
  • Thus, all Atlantic salmon found in markets is farm-raised.
  • Atlantic salmon are farmed in the U.S., Canada, Chile, Iceland, Ireland, Norway and the UK.

Some information adapted from the following sources: On Food and Cooking, The Science and Lore of the Kitchen by Harold McGee, Food Lover’s Companion by Sharon Tyler Herbst and Wikipedia.com.